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BM7032 Advanced Academic and Business Assignment Help

BM7032 – Week 4 – Monday 7 and Wednesday 9 Nov 2022

PART A – INTRODUCTION & ASSESSMENTS

Assessment – Individual Business Report – MOVING FORWARD

Discuss how the development of technology has affected one industry in the last 20 years.

Please email me your choice of industry BEFORE NEXT CLASS.

Practice Assessment – Group Poster Presentation – MOVING FORWARD

Practice session in two weeks. Remember that this is formative (designed to help you), not summative (a final assessment).

Check Minerva (Week 3) for useful videos about poster presentations

PART B – PLAGIARISM (Reminder from last week)

What is it?

COPYING someone else’s WORDS or

IDEAS

WITHOUT A REFERENCE

Why is it important? Because you will fail!

Plagiarism is like academic theft.

PART C – PARAPHRASING

What is it?

–     Writing someone else’s ideas in your own words.

How do you do it?

  • You need to UNDERSTAND what you have read before you can paraphrase
  • focus on the main/relevant ideas
  • change the sentence structure
  • use synonyms (vocab transformations) – BUT be careful
  • active/passive and other grammar transformations – BUT be careful

Be careful with the grammar and vocabulary options – you can’t just keep the sentence but exchange a few words for synonyms.

Qu: How is paraphrasing different from summarising? Which will you do in your written assignments?

Ans:

Paraphrasing is writing an author’s exact ideas in your own words

Summarising is taking the main meaning from the source (and writing it in your own words)

BOTH are important.

Qu: Is paraphrasing better/worse than/the same as using quotations?

Ans:

Generally BOTH are acceptable BUT always paraphrase if you can and don’t quote too much. A good example of quotations is for definitions. But when you quote you must add quotation marks “           ”.

Paraphrase Example Original

In my world-famous journal article last year, I wrote the following sentence:

“Because it causes obesity and diabetes, chocolate should be added to the list of prohibited substances.”

In your essay, how can you write it?

Osborne believes that chocolate should be banned because of its effect on people’s health.

Should this have quotation marks? NO because it is a paraphrase.

Should this have a reference? YES because it comes from an external source

Here are some alternatives:

According to Osborne (2021), chocolate should be banned because of its effect on people’s health.

Osborne (2021) claims/believes/argues/states that chocolate should be banned because of its effect on people’s health.

Chocolate should be banned because of its effect on people’s health (Osborne, 2021). “Because it causes obesity and diabetes, chocolate should be added to the list of prohibited substances” (Osborne, 2021, p.34).

Which of these are stronger? Why

  1. Osborne (2015) claims that brand marketing is a waste of money. SUGGESTS DOUBT (The implication is that you may not believe Osborne.)
  2. Osborne (2015) states that brand marketing is a waste of money. NEUTRAL (just reporting what Osborne said)
  3. Brand marketing is a waste of money (Osborne 2015). STRONG (because you are stating the idea yourself, with a reference)
  4. Osborne (2015) believes that brand marketing is a waste of money. NEUTRAL (just reporting what Osborne said)
  5. According to Osborne (2015), brand marketing is a waste of money. NEUTRAL (just reporting what Osborne said)

TASK 1:

ORIGINAL (from the first text)

The primacy of the value of group identification in cultures such as Japan can also be expected to discourage managers and workers from moving from company to company.

How might you paraphrase this idea?

Possible answer (note the citations):

A strong sense of group identity within a company can improve staff retention (Hill, 1998).

or

Hill (1998) suggests that a strong sense of group identity within a company can improve staff retention.

TASK 2 (not done in class). Try it yourself:

ORIGINAL (from the Tayeb 1996 text)

“In an individualist culture, it is very important to individuals to have control over their personal and private life, to stand on their own feet, to make decisions which affect their lives, and to look after themselves and their immediate family.”

How would you paraphrase this idea?

PART D – ESSAY/REPORT TYPES

(I didn’t look at this is all three seminars but have a look anyway)

Now look at essay types

In management studies, there are often four main essay types:

Descriptive essays describe or summarise ideas, events or situations. They give the facts. They might involve giving a narrative description, the key ideas in a theory, a process or the main points of an article.

Analytical essays try to analyse or explain something or give reasons for a situation. They may also involve questioning accepted ideas or assumptions.

Comparison essays compare two or more aspects, ideas, situations or companies. They usually also involve evaluating the ideas (which is better or worse).

Argument essays give an opinion and support that opinion with evidence or reasons. They are likely to involve introducing opposing arguments and showing why one of them is wrong (or less accurate or appropriate).

EXAMPLE ESSAY TITLES

DESCRIPTIVE

How do individualism and collectivism manifest themselves in companies?

ANALYTICAL

What issues would you have to consider if you were a global manager from an individualist society working in a collectivist company, or vice versa?

COMPARISON

What are the advantages and disadvantages for a business to be organised using an individualistic or collectivistic approach?

ARGUMENT

“Individualism is more results-focused whereas collectivism is more employee- focused.” To what extent is this statement true?

PART E – REFERENCING

Why do we add referencing to our academic work?

  • It is the required/expected academic style
  • Because you are told to do so / To avoid plagiarism
  • Gives support to our ideas/arguments, makes them stronger
  • To give credit to the original source/author
  • Traceability = it allows the reader to find the original source and read it for themselves.

Difference between references and citations

  • Reference = The full details of the source and it is put at the end of a text in a reference list
  • Citation = the short version of the reference (surname and year only) and it is put in the text wherever ideas are taken from external sources.

Quick reminder or new information?

What information do you need to capture in:

  • Books

Surname, Initial. (Year of publication) Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher.

  • Articles

Surname, Initial. (Year of publication) ‘Title of article’, Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), Pages.

  • Websites

Surname, Initial. (Year of publication) Title of web page. Available at: URL (Accessed: Date you accessed the webpage).

REMEMBER

You can find information about referencing

EITHER

In my summary sheet – emailed to you, also available in Minerva/Blackboard (in Week 4 materials and in Additional Materials)

OR

from the library website

BSU Homepage / Menu / Library / Research & Referencing / Cite Them Right Online

OR

Direct from https://www.citethemrightonline.com/

(and log in using your Bath Spa log in details)

HOMEWORK

Required

●    Send me your industry choice by next class

  • Get together to plan your practice poster for two weeks’ time

●    Complete the referencing task (Week4 materials). Write it and bring it to class next week.

Suggested

●    Look at the videos about poster presentations (design and presenting)

  • If anyone wants me to have a look at a plan for your final report, please email it to me.