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MOD006068 Sustainable and Ethical Tourism


Assessment code:010
Academic Year:2021/2022
Module Title:Sustainable and Ethical Tourism
Module Code:MOD006068
Module Leader:Charles Bladen
Word Limit:3000 words This excludes bibliography and other items listed in rule 6.75 of the Academic Regulations: http://web.anglia.ac.uk/anet/academic/publi c/academic_regs.pdf
Assessed Learning Outcomes1-3
Submission Deadline :Please refer to the deadline on the VLE


  • This assignment must be completed individually.
  • You must use the Harvard referencing system.
  • Your work must indicate the number of words you have used. Written assignments must not exceed the specified maximum number of words.            When a written assignment is marked, the excessive use of words beyond the word limit is reflected in the academic judgement of the piece of work which results in a lower mark being awarded for the piece of work (regulation 6.74).
  • Assignment submissions are to be made anonymously. Do not write your name

anywhere on your work.

  • Write your student ID number at the top of every page.
  • Where the assignment comprises more than one task, all tasks must be submitted in a single document.
  • You must number all pages.


To achieve full marks, you must submit your work before the deadline. Work that is submitted late – up to five working days after the published submission deadline – will be accepted and marked.                                  However, the element of the module’s assessment to which the work contributes will be capped with a maximum mark of 40%.

Work cannot be submitted if the period of 5 working days after the deadline has passed (unless there is an approved extension). Failure to submit within the relevant period will mean that you have failed the assessment.

Requests for short-term extensions will only be considered in the case of illness or other cause considered valid by the Director of Studies Team. Please contact DoS@london.aru.ac.uk.   A  request  must  normally  be  received and  agreed by  the Director of Studies Team in writing at least 24 hours prior to the deadline. See rules 6.64-6.73: http://web.anglia.ac.uk/anet/academic/public/academic_regs.pdf

Mitigation: The deadline for submission of mitigation in relation to this assignment is no later than five working days after the submission date of this work. Please contact the  Director  of  Studies  Team  –  DoS@london.aru.ac.uk.  See  rules  6.112  –  6.141: http://web.anglia.ac.uk/anet/academic/public/academic_regs.pdf


The French capital is now leading the charge when it comes to carving out an environmentally sound vision of city life. Around 900 miles of bike lanes have been created across the city. Major roads, including the quais that run alongside the River Seine in the centre, have been shut off to traffic entirely. The world-famous plazas of Madeleine, Nation and Bastille have been redesigned to make them more pedestrian friendly. From 2024, all diesel cars will be banned from the city, and by 2030 petrol cars will be as well.

These moves have not been without controversy. Taxi drivers and other members of the car lobby have protested against many of the measures. During the first lockdown in 2020, the city turned 40 miles of road into bike lanes – dubbed ‘corona pistes’ (‘corona lanes’) – and banned cars from the Rue de Rivoli, which stretches all the way from the Louvre to the Place de la Bastille. These initiatives could be made permanent, and many more cycle lanes are in the works.

At the same time, plans are afoot to plant four new ‘urban forests’ next to major landmarks including the Hôtel de Ville, the Gare de Lyon and the Opéra Garnier. By 2026, mayor Hidalgo has pledged to plant more than 170,000 trees across the capital, with 50 percent of the city covered by planted areas by 2030. To help make that happen, building codes have been loosened so it is much easier for Parisians to plant trees in their neighbourhoods.

As Paris gears up to host the 2024 Olympic Games, it also plans to give many other major sights a green new look. The area around the Eiffel Tower, for example, is to be turned into an ‘extraordinary park’ just in time for the games. The Place de la Concorde, Paris’s biggest square and the site of Marie-Antoinette’s execution, will also be planted with new ‘park areas’. And the suburb of Seine-Saint-Denis will soon be home to a new ‘eco-friendly’ Olympic Village, Media City and Olympic aquatic centre. Riverside pools, built for the games and filled with cleaned water from the Seine, will subsequently be given over to public use.

Much of the impetus behind such high-profile green projects stems back to another momentous international event that took place in Seine-Saint-Denis. Back in December 2015, all eyes were on this northern corner of the French capital as it played host to the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 21). The talks were hailed as a turning point in the fight against climate change, with countries pledging to limit global warming to no more than 2C above preindustrial levels.

The plans stretch far beyond the 2024 Olympics. By 2030, Paris’s most famous

street, the Champs-Élysées, will be turned into an ‘extraordinary garden’ as part of a

massive €250 million makeover. The plans include reducing the number of car lanes from four to two, creating new pedestrian and green areas, and planting ‘tree tunnels’ that improve air quality along the 1.9km-long avenue.

Perhaps most ambitiously, Paris wants to reshape the way people interact with the city around them, with a focus on reducing car use and encouraging travel on foot and public transport.

Few cities anywhere in the world are acting quite as boldly and proactively as the City of Light right now. Traditionally, the two major parks to the east and west of Paris – the Bois de Vincennes and the Bois de Boulogne – have been known as ‘les poumons de Paris’: the city’s ‘lungs’. But if all goes to plan, people will soon have plenty more space to breathe.


Adapted from: Oliver, H (2021), ‘How Paris plans to become Europe’s greenest city by 2030’, Time Out, 29 January (online), available at: https://www.timeout.com/paris/en/things-to-do/paris-green-sustainable-city- plan-2030 [accessed 22/06/21]

Assignment Question:

You have been asked to write a 3000-word report about Sustainable Tourism in Paris for use by its stakeholders.

Apply the “Three Levels of Sustainability” model by Cavagnaro and Curiel (2012) to Paris tourism and critically analyse what should be done to effectively address sustainability and ethics in relation to the positive and negative impacts of Paris tourism (100 marks total).

Please structure your report under the following headings: Introduction

The impacts of Paris tourism and approaches to redress its negative impacts. The principles of sustainable tourism in developing and managing the tourism destination of Paris and its products.

The role of stakeholders in developing sustainable and ethical tourism in Paris.

Conclusion References

Assessment Criteria:

Knowledge and understanding: Critically analyse the economic, socio-cultural and environmental impacts of tourism in Paris and identify approaches to redress its negative impacts. (25 marks)Critically evaluate and apply the principles of sustainable tourism in developing and managing the tourism destination of Paris and its products. (25 marks)Critically analyse the role of stakeholders in developing sustainable and ethical tourism in Paris. (25 marks)75 marks
Use of quality research sources (minimum of 10 academic sources), written with clarity of expression and referencing.25 marks

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