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Unit 1 The Travel and Tourism Sector

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Aim of Unit 1 The Travel and Tourism Sector

The tourism industry has been regarded as one of the fastest-growing industries in the market. This unit sheds light on the travel and tourism sector. This also helps the students to understand the impact of government, the impact of tourism and the effect and demand of supply chain management. The students will be able to acquire knowledge about the historical progress of tourism and the influence of tourism on communities and the environment. The unit also deals with an investigation of the national and international policies that influence the tourism sector. This also focuses on the impact of political changes on the tourism sector.

Unit 1 The Travel and Tourism Sector
Unit 1 The Travel and Tourism Sector

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
  1. Understand the history and structure of the travel and tourism sector
  2. Understand the influence of local and national governments and international agencies on the travel and tourism sector
  3. Understand the effects of supply and demand on the travel and tourism sector
  4. Understand the impacts of tourism.

LO1 Understand the history and structure of the travel and tourism sector

This section provides information regarding the history of the tourism sector, post-industrial revolution, grand tours, and post wars. This also deals with current factors that cause the growth of the industry in terms of time, technology, money, infrastructure, freedom of movement, social conditions. This also focuses on the structure of the tourism sector that includes events and conferences, visitor attraction, passenger transport and accommodation services and so on.

LO2 Understand the influence of local and national governments and international agencies on the travel and tourism sector

This section sheds light on the influences of local and national governments and international agencies. There might be direct and indirect impacts on the tourism industry that include economic policy and political change. Moreover, this provides information on the impact of regional, national, government-sponsored bodies on the tourism sector. Apart from this, international agencies such as the World Tourism Organisation, Travel and Tourism Council, the International Air Transport Association also influence the tourism sector.

LO3 Understand the effects of supply and demand on the travel and tourism sector

In this section, the effect of supply and demand on the travel and tourism sector is discussed. This focuses on the requirements for establishing a stable tourism industry that includes demographics, technological, globalisation, environmentalism. The sector is also influenced by the changes in the rate of currency exchange, interest rates, inflation rates and level of disposable income. This also discusses the supply demands such as tour operators, accommodation, service, quality and type of products.

LO4 Understand the impacts of tourism

This focuses on the positive and negative impact of tourism. The positive impacts include multiplier effects, direct and indirect income, and growth of sectors, government revenues and foreign exchange rates. On the other hand, the negative impacts include inflation, seasonality, environmental and overdependence. The improvement in infrastructure, education and cross-cultural exchange and host communities also create a positive impact on this sector. However, waste disposal, overuse of water, overcrowding, damage to environment and wildlife creates a negative impact on the tourism sector.

Learning outcomes and assessment criteria

Learning outcomes   On successful completion of this unit a learner will: Assessment criteria for pass   The learner can:
LO1 Understand the history and structure of the travel and tourism sector explain key historical developments in the travel and tourism sectorexplain the structure of the travel and tourism sector
LO2 Understand the influence of local and national governments and international agencies on the travel and tourism sector analyse the function of government, Government- sponsored bodies and international agencies in travel and tourismexplain how local and national economic policy influences the success of the travel and tourism sectordiscuss the implications of political change on the travel and tourism sector in different countries
LO3 Understand the effects of supply and demand on the travel and tourism sector explain factors affecting tourism demandexplain how supply has changed to meet the effects of demand
LO4 Understand the impacts of tourism evaluate the main positive and negative economic, environmental and social impacts of tourismexplain strategies that can be used to minimise the negative impacts while maximising the positive impacts
Links

This unit introduces learners to the travel and tourism sector and therefore links with all other units in this qualification.

This unit maps to the following Management NVQ unit:

Unit 2 Finance and funding in TTM

Unit 3 The Developing manager

Unit 4 Research Project in TTM

  • B8: Ensure compliance with legal, regulatory, ethical and social requirements.