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Unit 12 Organizational Behavior

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Unit 12 Organizational Behavior HND Business

The main aim of the unit is to identify the influence of culture, politics and power in the behavior of the organization. As we know, organizational behavior is the study of behavior of individuals in a group or a team towards the organization the need for analyzing organizational behavior is extremely important. It will also give an insight about the behavior of the individuals, teams and organizations. This will also give an understanding of how a team or team leader help in contributing towards the goals of the organization. The key influences that make people do what they do have been identified.          

Learning outcomes

LO1 Analyze the influence of culture, politics and power on the behavior of others in an organizational context

LO2 Evaluate how to motivate individuals and teams to achieve a goal

LO3 Demonstrate an understanding of how to cooperate effectively with others

 LO4 Apply concepts and philosophies of organizational behavior to a given business situation

LO1 Analyze the influence of culture, politics and power on the behavior of others in an organizational context

Culture refers to the norms, beliefs and values followed by the members of an organization. There can be four classifications of culture based on power, role, task and person. The different models and theories for identifying culture are Hofstede’s dimension, Principles of Network and systems theory and organizational psychology. The influence of power and politics is essential in understanding the behavior. The relationships of power dynamics through hierarchical structures and decision making can enable understanding of individual and group relationships.

LO2 Evaluate how to motivate individuals and teams to achieve a goal

Motivation is the ability of individuals to do something that would be beneficial for the organization and the individuals as well. Extrinsic motivation comes from external sources such as rewards and remuneration. Intrinsic motivation comes from internal factors which in self inflicted such as admiring role models, need to perform better. There are two types of motivational theories content and process theories. Understanding emotional intelligence by empathizing with other members of an organization and understanding the relationship between task and relationship leadership is essential for meeting organizational goals.

LO3 Demonstrate an understanding of how to cooperate effectively with others

It is important to understand how a team performs such as functional, problem solving and project teams. Networking can help in the development of virtual teams. The different models through which team development can be identified are Tuckman’s team development and Belbin’s typology in managing and developing effective teams. The soft and hard communication, cooperation and benefits of the team would enable reduction of conflict resolution.

LO4 Apply concepts and philosophies of organizational behavior to a given business situation

The path goal leadership style exclaims how team performance can be improved through the application of different steps. The barriers to effective behavior such as situational resistance have to be reduced. Organizational change is necessary and resistance has to be stopped through implementation of a proper strategic decision making process. The social capital theory and contingency theory are the philosophical concepts that would help in understanding the behavior and fulfilling the goals by making appropriate changes.

Learning outcomes and assessment criteria

Pass Merit Distinction
LO1 Analyse the influence of culture, politics and power on the behaviour of others in an organisational context  
P1 Analyse how an organisation’s culture, politics and power influence individual and team behaviour and performance. M1 Critically analyse how the culture, politics and power of an organisation can influence individual and team behaviour and performance. LO1 & 2 D1 Critically evaluate the relationship between culture, politics, power and motivation that enables teams and organisations to succeed providing justified recommendations.
LO2 Evaluate how to motivate individuals and teams to achieve a goal
P2 Evaluate how content and process theories of motivation and motivational techniques enable effective achievement of goals in an organisational context. M2 Critically evaluate how to influence the behaviour of others through the effective application of behavioural motivational theories, concepts and models.
LO3 Demonstrate an understanding of how to cooperate effectively with others  
P3 Explain what makes an effective team as opposed to an ineffective team. M3 Analyse relevant team and group development theories to support the development of dynamic cooperation. LO3 & 4 D2 Critically analyse and evaluate the relevance of team development theories in context of organisational behaviour concepts and philosophies that influence behaviour in the work place.
LO4 Apply concepts and philosophies of organisational behaviour to a given business situation
P4 Apply concepts and philosophies of organisational behaviour within an organisational context and a given business situation. M4 Explore and evaluate how concepts and philosophies of OB inform and influence behaviour in both a positive and negative way.
Links

This unit links to the following related units:

 Unit 1: Business and the Business Environment

Unit 3: Human Resource Management

Unit 4: Management and Operations

Unit 12: The Global Business Environment

Unit 17: Understanding and Leading Change

Unit 20: Employee Relations

Unit 21: Strategic Human Resource Management

Unit 35: Developing Individuals, Teams and Organisations