Unit 5 Management Accounting
Unit 5: Management Accounting HND Business Management
Aim of Unit 5 Management Accounting
The main aim of the module is to introduce the basics of “management accounting” and the techniques that can be followed by the company to execute all the operations correctly. There are various operations that come under management accounting such as “decision-making planning, monitoring and controlling the financial budget”.
LO1 Demonstrate an understanding of management accounting systems
“Management accounting” can be described as the process of calculating all finance-related operations. Apart from that, there are many other operations that are interlinked with “management accounting” is to prepare a financial analysis program. It is essential as it helps to convey data regarding the overall “health and well-being” of a firm to the outer parties. The entire process of financial accounting was introduced within the span of the “Roman Empire” the state had comprehensive records of their money.
LO2 Apply a range of management accounting techniques.
In this context, the cost can be described as the monetary calculation. There are various components if the cost analysis “effort”, “material”, “resources”, “time and utilities consumed”, “risks incurred”, and “opportunity regarding the production and delivery of a good or service”. In the case of “fixed cost”, the overall production and operation cost is the same throughout the entire process whereas in the case of “variable cost”, the initial costing and end cost are completely different from one another. In this context, another essential part is “inventory management”, “Valuation methods”, “Cost variances” and “Overhead costs” calculation.
LO3 Explain the use of planning tools used in management accounting
The term “estimation” can be described as the process of estimation of money. Budget in “management accounting” can be classified into four different parts such as “incremental”, “activity-based”, “value proposition”, and “zero-based”. Moreover, two main components of the budget are “capital” and “operating budget”.
Even pricing strategy implementation is also an essential component of budget planning. Competitors basically set the price of the product after a thorough market research. This technique also helps the company to improve its sales and intensify the overall business performances.
Furthermore, the “accounting technique” is also divided into three parts “Actual costing”, “Normal costing” and “Standard costing systems”. Cost activities in “management accounting” is divided into four parts and the application of all the parts are different from each other. Parts are “job costing”, “process costing”, “batch costing” and “contract costing”. Moreover, to understand the operations and the pricing strategy of the company PEST, SWOT and PORTER’s analysis is performed.
LO4 Compare ways in which organisations could use management accounting to respond to financial problems
The term “financial governance” can be described as the path that the company follows to gather, control, analyse, and regulates all the information that is related to finance of the company. The basic characteristics of an efficient administration accountant include “verifiability”, “objectivity”, “timeliness”, “comparability”, “reliability”, “understandability” and “relevance”. This technique helps the company to secure and evaluate financial data that are interlinked with the budget.
Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria
|LO1 Demonstrate an understanding of management accounting systems|
|P1 Explain management accounting and give the essential requirements of different types of management accounting systems.||M1 Evaluate the benefits of management accounting systems and their application within an organisational context.||D1 Critically evaluate how management accounting systems and management accounting reporting is integrated within organisational processes.|
|P2 Explain different methods used for management accounting reporting.|
|LO2 Apply a range of management accounting|
|P3 Calculate costs using||M2 Accurately apply a||D2 Produce financial|
|appropriate techniques of||range of management||reports that accurately|
|cost analysis to prepare||accounting techniques and||apply and interpret data|
|an income statement||produce appropriate||for a range of business|
|using marginal and||financial reporting||activities.|
|LO3 Explain the use of planning tools used in management accounting|
|P4 Explain the advantages and disadvantages of different types of planning tools used for budgetary control.||M3 Analyse the use of different planning tools and their application for preparing and forecasting budgets.||LO3 & 4 D3 Evaluate how planning tools for accounting respond appropriately to solving financial problems to lead organisations to sustainable success.|
|LO4 Compare ways in which organisations could use management accounting to respond to financial problems|
|P5 Compare how organisations are adapting management accounting systems to respond to financial problems.||M4 Analyse how, in responding to financial problems, management accounting can lead organisations to sustainable success.|
This unit links to the following related units: